|关键词: 生态福利绩效 Super-NSBM模型 Tobit模型 影响因素
|Research on influencing factors of ecological welfare performance in Fujian Province
LIN Ketao, DENG Xingwei, YE Jie,
1. College of Resource and Environment Sciences, Quanzhou Normal University, Quanzhou 362000, China
2. Anxi College of Tea Science, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Quanzhou 362400, China
3. Business College, Quanzhou Normal University, Quanzhou 362000, China
|Background, aim, and scope Ecological welfare is a topic that has attracted significant attention since entering the new era. It has also been an important influencing factor for regional sustainable development. In addition, ecological welfare performance is an effective means for evaluating sustainable development. Taking Fujian Province (the first ecological civilisation experimental zone in China) as the research object, this study examined the temporal and spatial evolution rules and influencing factors of its ecological welfare performance. It is hoped that the findings can provide suggestions for constructing an ecological civilisation demonstration area in Fujian Province and improving regional sustainable development in China as a whole. Materials and methods This study creates an ecological welfare performance indicator system based on the DEA method by using a two-stage Super-NSBM model that considers undesired output to evaluate the performance of Fujian Province’s ecological welfare from 2012 to 2019. It also tests the influencing factors of ecological welfare performance by constructing a Tobit regression model. Results This study found the following: (1) the integral ecological welfare performance of Fujian Province is relatively high, but there is a large gap between regions; (2) economic scale, industrial structure, population density and forest resources have a negative effect on the ecological welfare performance of Fujian Province; (3) the insufficiency of forest ecological compensation hinders the improvement of ecological welfare performance and (4) the weakness of technological innovation in green development leads to the failure of scientific and technological progress toward improving ecological welfare performance. Discussion In general, although the construction of the ecological civilisation experimental zone in Fujian Province achieved good results, there are still some shortcomings. Based on the findings, economic growth failed to improve ecological welfare performance. Thus, the promotion of performance improvement should focus more on the supply of public services, social equity and narrowing the income gap. The lack of scientific research investment to support green development technology also indicates that technological progress has no significant effect on the improvement of ecological welfare performance. Moreover, the imperfect forest ecological compensation mechanism significantly lowers the ecological welfare performance of forest-rich areas. Hence, the forest ecological compensation policy should be optimized and innovated from many aspects, and the government-led environmental regulations should also focus on sustainability and eliminating ‘soft governance’. Conclusions During the research period, the overall performance of Fujian Province’s ecological welfare performance was relatively satisfactory. However, there were considerable deficiencies in green development technological innovation and forest ecological compensation. Therefore, it is necessary to further strengthen scientific research investment in green development, focus on solving the problem of technological transformation and promote the innovation of forest ecological compensation mechanisms. Recommendations and perspectives According to the research results and the characteristics of Fujian Province, the following ecological welfare performance improvement paths are proposed: (1) strengthen the green development model and give priority to promoting green innovation; (2) optimize the ecological compensation mechanism and promote the coordinated development of land and coastal regions; (3) speed up the construction of the public service system and promote urban expansion according to local conditions and (4) continue to strengthen environmental protection investment and deepen foreign economic and trade technology exchanges.
|Key words: ecological welfare performance Super-NSBM model Tobit model influencing factors